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Practice Name

Callaghan Road Animal Hospital

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Primary Location
5739 Callaghan Road Suite 101
San Antonio, TX 78228
Phone: 210-647-1101
Fax: 210-647-1146

Office Hours

DayOpenClosed
Monday7:30am6pm
Tuesday7:30am6pm
Wednesday7:30am6pm
Thursday7:30am6pm
Friday7:30am6pm
Saturday8am12pm
SundayClosedClosed
Main Content

Breeding Horses: What to Expect and How to Prepare

Horse breeding is a multi-million dollar international industry, with some breeders earning millions in sire rights by breeding award-winning male horses. For purebred horses, careful selection of the male parent (the “sire”) and the female parent (the “dam”) is essential to successful breeding. From conception to foaling, horse breeding today is carefully managed through modern technology. Whether you are breeding horses for racing, equestrian competition or the family farm, a firm understanding of the breeding and foaling process will ensure a successful outcome.

Horse Breeding 101

Before breeding your mare, be sure she is insured. Many equine mortality policies offer major medical insurance for an additional premium. This is a smart investment should complications occur during foaling. In the unlikely event that you lose your mare, this emotional loss will not be compounded by financial loss.

While wild horses typically breed and foal in mid to late spring, domesticated breed for competition requires horses to be foaled as close to January 1st as possible for maximum competitive advantage in the Northern Hemisphere. To help stimulate the ovulation process during winter, keep your mare under barn lights to mimic a longer day. A mare signals that ovulation is occurring by urinating in the presence of a stallion and raising her tail to reveal the vulva.

Once an egg is fertilized, it will remain in the oviduct for 5.5 days before descending into the uterus; fixation will occur on day 16. By day 21, the embryo will be visible on a trans-rectal ultrasound, with a heartbeat detectable by day 23. The placenta will form around day 40 to 45 of pregnancy. The sex can be determined using ultrasound on day 70. The entire gestation process is approximately 11 months.

Advanced planning will make the foaling process go as easily as possible for both you and your mare. While some mares can handle foaling on their own, it is best for you and your veterinarian to be present in order to offer assistance if needed. While the majority of mares will foal 330 to 340 days from breeding, some may foal as early as 320 days. Mares should be immunized four weeks in advance of foaling with vaccines specifically approved for pregnant mares. These vaccines will stimulate the mare to produce antibodies, which will be passed to the foal in the mare’s colostrum.

Prior to foaling, prepare a foaling stall. Foaling happens quickly once it begins, so closely monitor your mare in the days leading up to the expected foaling date. Wrapping the mare’s tail will make it easier to see underneath the body prior to foaling. Following foaling, a mare will lick the foal to clean it and stimulate circulation. A new foal should be able to stand and get milk from its mother within an hour of birth.

If you are considering breeding your horses, talk to your veterinarian to learn more about what to expect and how best to prepare.

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Services We strive to provide complete care for our patients. Learn more about all the services we provide. Make An Appointment We will do our best to accommodate your busy schedule. Schedule an appointment today! Online Forms Our patient forms are available online so they can be completed in the convenience of your own home or office.

Testimonial

The staff and Doctors are very kind and helpful. My pets are always well taken care of. I wouldn ’ t go anywhere else!

- Eileen Morgan / San Antonio, TX

Office Hours

DayOpenClosed
Monday7:30am6pm
Tuesday7:30am6pm
Wednesday7:30am6pm
Thursday7:30am6pm
Friday7:30am6pm
Saturday8am12pm
SundayClosedClosed

Meet the Veterinarians

Meet Eduardo Guevara, DVM Dr. Eduardo Guevara was raised in the rural south Texas town of Carrizo Springs. He began his college career at Southwest Texas Junior College in Uvalde, Texas, followed by completion of his bachelor’s (1998) and master’s (2001) degrees in Animal Science from Texas A&M University-Kingsville. Read More

Meet Jennifer Evans, DVM Dr. Jennifer Evans, originally from Somerset, Pennsylvania, attended undergraduate school at Slippery Rock University near Pittsburgh Pennsylvania. She then received her veterinary degree in 2005 from Tuskegee University in Tuskegee, Alabama.Read More

Contact

  • 210-647-1101
  • 5739 Callaghan Road Suite 101 San Antonio, TX 78228
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